What is Human Trafficking?


Human Trafficking Defined:

The term Human Trafficking is defined by the TVPA as: "sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or  the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery. A victim need not be physically transported from one location to another for the crime to fall within these definitions."



Human trafficking is a $150 billion illicit industry. This means there are people profiting in the billions of dollars off of enslaving other human beings.

Globally, the average cost of a slave is $90.*

There are approximately 20 to 30 million slaves in the world today.

5.5 million of those slaves are children.

According to the U.S. State Department, 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders every year, of which 80% are female and half are children.*



According to a ten year longitudinal research study conducted by Chab Dai, a coalition to end human trafficking, debt, poverty, lack of employment opportunities, and limited or no access to education are 4 of the leading factors pushing people into human trafficking.

According to this study once a victim is rescued/escapes from human trafficking and exploitation their best chances at survival (and not ending up back in the same system) are if they receive vocational training (Programs, generally for young teens or adults, offering specific training in work based areas, such as cooking, hairdressing, automotive repair, mechanics, and housekeeping) and have access to opportunities with socially responsible businesses (which they define as Income generation projects that offer safe, legal working options for survivors or those at-risk of trafficking or exploitation, are often linked with vocational training programs and believed by many to be a crucial part in the successful reintegration process).